Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) primarily performed in European-ancestry (EA) populations have identified numerous loci associated with body mass index (BMI). However, it is still unclear whether these GWAS loci can be generalized to other ethnic groups, such as African Americans (AAs). Furthermore, the putative functional variant or variants in these loci mostly remain under investigation. The overall lower linkage disequilibrium in AA compared to EA populations provides the opportunity to narrow in or fine-map these BMI-related loci. Therefore, we used the Metabochip to densely genotype and evaluate 21 BMI GWAS loci identified in EA studies in 29,151 AAs from the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) study. Eight of the 21 loci (SEC16B, TMEM18, ETV5, GNPDA2, TFAP2B, BDNF, FTO, and MC4R) were found to be associated with BMI in AAs at 5.8 × 10(-5). Within seven out of these eight loci, we found that, on average, a substantially smaller number of variants was correlated (r(2) > 0.5) with the most significant SNP in AA than in EA populations (16 versus 55). Conditional analyses revealed GNPDA2 harboring a potential additional independent signal. Moreover, Metabochip-wide discovery analyses revealed two BMI-related loci, BRE (rs116612809, p = 3.6 × 10(-8)) and DHX34 (rs4802349, p = 1.2 × 10(-7)), which were significant when adjustment was made for the total number of SNPs tested across the chip. These results demonstrate that fine mapping in AAs is a powerful approach for both narrowing in on the underlying causal variants in known loci and discovering BMI-related loci.

VL - 93 IS - 4 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24094743?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A systematic mapping approach of 16q12.2/FTO and BMI in more than 20,000 African Americans narrows in on the underlying functional variation: results from the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) study. JF - PLoS Genet Y1 - 2013 A1 - Peters, Ulrike A1 - North, Kari E A1 - Sethupathy, Praveen A1 - Buyske, Steve A1 - Haessler, Jeff A1 - Jiao, Shuo A1 - Fesinmeyer, Megan D A1 - Jackson, Rebecca D A1 - Kuller, Lew H A1 - Rajkovic, Aleksandar A1 - Lim, Unhee A1 - Cheng, Iona A1 - Schumacher, Fred A1 - Wilkens, Lynne A1 - Li, Rongling A1 - Monda, Keri A1 - Ehret, Georg A1 - Nguyen, Khanh-Dung H A1 - Cooper, Richard A1 - Lewis, Cora E A1 - Leppert, Mark A1 - Irvin, Marguerite R A1 - Gu, C Charles A1 - Houston, Denise A1 - Bůzková, Petra A1 - Ritchie, Marylyn A1 - Matise, Tara C A1 - Le Marchand, Loïc A1 - Hindorff, Lucia A A1 - Crawford, Dana C A1 - Haiman, Christopher A A1 - Kooperberg, Charles KW - Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing KW - Adult KW - African Americans KW - Aged KW - Aged, 80 and over KW - Alleles KW - Body Mass Index KW - Chromosome Mapping KW - Continental Population Groups KW - European Continental Ancestry Group KW - Female KW - Genetic Predisposition to Disease KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Humans KW - Linkage Disequilibrium KW - Male KW - Metagenomics KW - Middle Aged KW - Obesity KW - Proteins AB -Genetic variants in intron 1 of the fat mass- and obesity-associated (FTO) gene have been consistently associated with body mass index (BMI) in Europeans. However, follow-up studies in African Americans (AA) have shown no support for some of the most consistently BMI-associated FTO index single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). This is most likely explained by different race-specific linkage disequilibrium (LD) patterns and lower correlation overall in AA, which provides the opportunity to fine-map this region and narrow in on the functional variant. To comprehensively explore the 16q12.2/FTO locus and to search for second independent signals in the broader region, we fine-mapped a 646-kb region, encompassing the large FTO gene and the flanking gene RPGRIP1L by investigating a total of 3,756 variants (1,529 genotyped and 2,227 imputed variants) in 20,488 AAs across five studies. We observed associations between BMI and variants in the known FTO intron 1 locus: the SNP with the most significant p-value, rs56137030 (8.3 × 10(-6)) had not been highlighted in previous studies. While rs56137030was correlated at r(2)>0.5 with 103 SNPs in Europeans (including the GWAS index SNPs), this number was reduced to 28 SNPs in AA. Among rs56137030 and the 28 correlated SNPs, six were located within candidate intronic regulatory elements, including rs1421085, for which we predicted allele-specific binding affinity for the transcription factor CUX1, which has recently been implicated in the regulation of FTO. We did not find strong evidence for a second independent signal in the broader region. In summary, this large fine-mapping study in AA has substantially reduced the number of common alleles that are likely to be functional candidates of the known FTO locus. Importantly our study demonstrated that comprehensive fine-mapping in AA provides a powerful approach to narrow in on the functional candidate(s) underlying the initial GWAS findings in European populations.

VL - 9 IS - 1 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23341774?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Trans-ethnic fine-mapping of genetic loci for body mass index in the diverse ancestral populations of the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) Study reveals evidence for multiple signals at established loci. JF - Hum Genet Y1 - 2017 A1 - Fernandez-Rhodes, Lindsay A1 - Gong, Jian A1 - Haessler, Jeffrey A1 - Franceschini, Nora A1 - Graff, Mariaelisa A1 - Nishimura, Katherine K A1 - Wang, Yujie A1 - Highland, Heather M A1 - Yoneyama, Sachiko A1 - Bush, William S A1 - Goodloe, Robert A1 - Ritchie, Marylyn D A1 - Crawford, Dana A1 - Gross, Myron A1 - Fornage, Myriam A1 - Bůzková, Petra A1 - Tao, Ran A1 - Isasi, Carmen A1 - Avilés-Santa, Larissa A1 - Daviglus, Martha A1 - Mackey, Rachel H A1 - Houston, Denise A1 - Gu, C Charles A1 - Ehret, Georg A1 - Nguyen, Khanh-Dung H A1 - Lewis, Cora E A1 - Leppert, Mark A1 - Irvin, Marguerite R A1 - Lim, Unhee A1 - Haiman, Christopher A A1 - Le Marchand, Loïc A1 - Schumacher, Fredrick A1 - Wilkens, Lynne A1 - Lu, Yingchang A1 - Bottinger, Erwin P A1 - Loos, Ruth J L A1 - Sheu, Wayne H-H A1 - Guo, Xiuqing A1 - Lee, Wen-Jane A1 - Hai, Yang A1 - Hung, Yi-Jen A1 - Absher, Devin A1 - Wu, I-Chien A1 - Taylor, Kent D A1 - Lee, I-Te A1 - Liu, Yeheng A1 - Wang, Tzung-Dau A1 - Quertermous, Thomas A1 - Juang, Jyh-Ming J A1 - Rotter, Jerome I A1 - Assimes, Themistocles A1 - Hsiung, Chao A A1 - Chen, Yii-Der Ida A1 - Prentice, Ross A1 - Kuller, Lewis H A1 - Manson, JoAnn E A1 - Kooperberg, Charles A1 - Smokowski, Paul A1 - Robinson, Whitney R A1 - Gordon-Larsen, Penny A1 - Li, Rongling A1 - Hindorff, Lucia A1 - Buyske, Steven A1 - Matise, Tara C A1 - Peters, Ulrike A1 - North, Kari E KW - Body Mass Index KW - Ethnic Groups KW - Genetics, Population KW - Humans KW - Obesity AB -Most body mass index (BMI) genetic loci have been identified in studies of primarily European ancestries. The effect of these loci in other racial/ethnic groups is less clear. Thus, we aimed to characterize the generalizability of 170 established BMI variants, or their proxies, to diverse US populations and trans-ethnically fine-map 36 BMI loci using a sample of >102,000 adults of African, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, European and American Indian/Alaskan Native descent from the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology Study. We performed linear regression of the natural log of BMI (18.5-70 kg/m(2)) on the additive single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at BMI loci on the MetaboChip (Illumina, Inc.), adjusting for age, sex, population stratification, study site, or relatedness. We then performed fixed-effect meta-analyses and a Bayesian trans-ethnic meta-analysis to empirically cluster by allele frequency differences. Finally, we approximated conditional and joint associations to test for the presence of secondary signals. We noted directional consistency with the previously reported risk alleles beyond what would have been expected by chance (binomial p < 0.05). Nearly, a quarter of the previously described BMI index SNPs and 29 of 36 densely-genotyped BMI loci on the MetaboChip replicated/generalized in trans-ethnic analyses. We observed multiple signals at nine loci, including the description of seven loci with novel multiple signals. This study supports the generalization of most common genetic loci to diverse ancestral populations and emphasizes the importance of dense multiethnic genomic data in refining the functional variation at genetic loci of interest and describing several loci with multiple underlying genetic variants.

VL - 136 IS - 6 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A Large-Scale Multi-ancestry Genome-wide Study Accounting for Smoking Behavior Identifies Multiple Significant Loci for Blood Pressure. JF - Am J Hum Genet Y1 - 2018 A1 - Sung, Yun J A1 - Winkler, Thomas W A1 - de Las Fuentes, Lisa A1 - Bentley, Amy R A1 - Brown, Michael R A1 - Kraja, Aldi T A1 - Schwander, Karen A1 - Ntalla, Ioanna A1 - Guo, Xiuqing A1 - Franceschini, Nora A1 - Lu, Yingchang A1 - Cheng, Ching-Yu A1 - Sim, Xueling A1 - Vojinovic, Dina A1 - Marten, Jonathan A1 - Musani, Solomon K A1 - Li, Changwei A1 - Feitosa, Mary F A1 - Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O A1 - Richard, Melissa A A1 - Noordam, Raymond A1 - Aslibekyan, Stella A1 - Aschard, Hugues A1 - Bartz, Traci M A1 - Dorajoo, Rajkumar A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Manning, Alisa K A1 - Rankinen, Tuomo A1 - Smith, Albert Vernon A1 - Tajuddin, Salman M A1 - Tayo, Bamidele O A1 - Warren, Helen R A1 - Zhao, Wei A1 - Zhou, Yanhua A1 - Matoba, Nana A1 - Sofer, Tamar A1 - Alver, Maris A1 - Amini, Marzyeh A1 - Boissel, Mathilde A1 - Chai, Jin Fang A1 - Chen, Xu A1 - Divers, Jasmin A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Gao, Chuan A1 - Giulianini, Franco A1 - Goel, Anuj A1 - Harris, Sarah E A1 - Hartwig, Fernando Pires A1 - Horimoto, Andrea R V R A1 - Hsu, Fang-Chi A1 - Jackson, Anne U A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Kasturiratne, Anuradhani A1 - Kuhnel, Brigitte A1 - Leander, Karin A1 - Lee, Wen-Jane A1 - Lin, Keng-Hung A1 - 'an Luan, Jian A1 - McKenzie, Colin A A1 - Meian, He A1 - Nelson, Christopher P A1 - Rauramaa, Rainer A1 - Schupf, Nicole A1 - Scott, Robert A A1 - Sheu, Wayne H H A1 - Stančáková, Alena A1 - Takeuchi, Fumihiko A1 - van der Most, Peter J A1 - Varga, Tibor V A1 - Wang, Heming A1 - Wang, Yajuan A1 - Ware, Erin B A1 - Weiss, Stefan A1 - Wen, Wanqing A1 - Yanek, Lisa R A1 - Zhang, Weihua A1 - Zhao, Jing Hua A1 - Afaq, Saima A1 - Alfred, Tamuno A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Arking, Dan A1 - Aung, Tin A1 - Barr, R Graham A1 - Bielak, Lawrence F A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Bottinger, Erwin P A1 - Braund, Peter S A1 - Brody, Jennifer A A1 - Broeckel, Ulrich A1 - Cabrera, Claudia P A1 - Cade, Brian A1 - Caizheng, Yu A1 - Campbell, Archie A1 - Canouil, Mickaël A1 - Chakravarti, Aravinda A1 - Chauhan, Ganesh A1 - Christensen, Kaare A1 - Cocca, Massimiliano A1 - Collins, Francis S A1 - Connell, John M A1 - de Mutsert, Renée A1 - de Silva, H Janaka A1 - Debette, Stephanie A1 - Dörr, Marcus A1 - Duan, Qing A1 - Eaton, Charles B A1 - Ehret, Georg A1 - Evangelou, Evangelos A1 - Faul, Jessica D A1 - Fisher, Virginia A A1 - Forouhi, Nita G A1 - Franco, Oscar H A1 - Friedlander, Yechiel A1 - Gao, He A1 - Gigante, Bruna A1 - Graff, Misa A1 - Gu, C Charles A1 - Gu, Dongfeng A1 - Gupta, Preeti A1 - Hagenaars, Saskia P A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - He, Jiang A1 - Heikkinen, Sami A1 - Heng, Chew-Kiat A1 - Hirata, Makoto A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Howard, Barbara V A1 - Hunt, Steven A1 - Irvin, Marguerite R A1 - Jia, Yucheng A1 - Joehanes, Roby A1 - Justice, Anne E A1 - Katsuya, Tomohiro A1 - Kaufman, Joel A1 - Kerrison, Nicola D A1 - Khor, Chiea Chuen A1 - Koh, Woon-Puay A1 - Koistinen, Heikki A A1 - Komulainen, Pirjo A1 - Kooperberg, Charles A1 - Krieger, Jose E A1 - Kubo, Michiaki A1 - Kuusisto, Johanna A1 - Langefeld, Carl D A1 - Langenberg, Claudia A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Lehne, Benjamin A1 - Lewis, Cora E A1 - Li, Yize A1 - Lim, Sing Hui A1 - Lin, Shiow A1 - Liu, Ching-Ti A1 - Liu, Jianjun A1 - Liu, Jingmin A1 - Liu, Kiang A1 - Liu, Yeheng A1 - Loh, Marie A1 - Lohman, Kurt K A1 - Long, Jirong A1 - Louie, Tin A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Mahajan, Anubha A1 - Meitinger, Thomas A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Milani, Lili A1 - Momozawa, Yukihide A1 - Morris, Andrew P A1 - Mosley, Thomas H A1 - Munson, Peter A1 - Murray, Alison D A1 - Nalls, Mike A A1 - Nasri, Ubaydah A1 - Norris, Jill M A1 - North, Kari A1 - Ogunniyi, Adesola A1 - Padmanabhan, Sandosh A1 - Palmas, Walter R A1 - Palmer, Nicholette D A1 - Pankow, James S A1 - Pedersen, Nancy L A1 - Peters, Annette A1 - Peyser, Patricia A A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Raitakari, Olli T A1 - Renstrom, Frida A1 - Rice, Treva K A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Robinson, Jennifer G A1 - Rose, Lynda M A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Sabanayagam, Charumathi A1 - Salako, Babatunde L A1 - Sandow, Kevin A1 - Schmidt, Carsten O A1 - Schreiner, Pamela J A1 - Scott, William R A1 - Seshadri, Sudha A1 - Sever, Peter A1 - Sitlani, Colleen M A1 - Smith, Jennifer A A1 - Snieder, Harold A1 - Starr, John M A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Tang, Hua A1 - Taylor, Kent D A1 - Teo, Yik Ying A1 - Tham, Yih Chung A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Waldenberger, Melanie A1 - Wang, Lihua A1 - Wang, Ya X A1 - Wei, Wen Bin A1 - Williams, Christine A1 - Wilson, Gregory A1 - Wojczynski, Mary K A1 - Yao, Jie A1 - Yuan, Jian-Min A1 - Zonderman, Alan B A1 - Becker, Diane M A1 - Boehnke, Michael A1 - Bowden, Donald W A1 - Chambers, John C A1 - Chen, Yii-Der Ida A1 - de Faire, Ulf A1 - Deary, Ian J A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Farrall, Martin A1 - Forrester, Terrence A1 - Franks, Paul W A1 - Freedman, Barry I A1 - Froguel, Philippe A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Horta, Bernardo Lessa A1 - Hung, Yi-Jen A1 - Jonas, Jost B A1 - Kato, Norihiro A1 - Kooner, Jaspal S A1 - Laakso, Markku A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Liang, Kae-Woei A1 - Magnusson, Patrik K E A1 - Newman, Anne B A1 - Oldehinkel, Albertine J A1 - Pereira, Alexandre C A1 - Redline, Susan A1 - Rettig, Rainer A1 - Samani, Nilesh J A1 - Scott, James A1 - Shu, Xiao-Ou A1 - van der Harst, Pim A1 - Wagenknecht, Lynne E A1 - Wareham, Nicholas J A1 - Watkins, Hugh A1 - Weir, David R A1 - Wickremasinghe, Ananda R A1 - Wu, Tangchun A1 - Zheng, Wei A1 - Kamatani, Yoichiro A1 - Laurie, Cathy C A1 - Bouchard, Claude A1 - Cooper, Richard S A1 - Evans, Michele K A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Kritchevsky, Stephen B A1 - Levy, Daniel A1 - O'Connell, Jeff R A1 - Psaty, Bruce M A1 - van Dam, Rob M A1 - Sims, Mario A1 - Arnett, Donna K A1 - Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O A1 - Kelly, Tanika N A1 - Fox, Ervin R A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Fornage, Myriam A1 - Rotimi, Charles N A1 - Province, Michael A A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Tai, E Shyong A1 - Wong, Tien Yin A1 - Loos, Ruth J F A1 - Reiner, Alex P A1 - Rotter, Jerome I A1 - Zhu, Xiaofeng A1 - Bierut, Laura J A1 - Gauderman, W James A1 - Caulfield, Mark J A1 - Elliott, Paul A1 - Rice, Kenneth A1 - Munroe, Patricia B A1 - Morrison, Alanna C A1 - Cupples, L Adrienne A1 - Rao, Dabeeru C A1 - Chasman, Daniel I AB -Genome-wide association analysis advanced understanding of blood pressure (BP), a major risk factor for vascular conditions such as coronary heart disease and stroke. Accounting for smoking behavior may help identify BP loci and extend our knowledge of its genetic architecture. We performed genome-wide association meta-analyses of systolic and diastolic BP incorporating gene-smoking interactions in 610,091 individuals. Stage 1 analysis examined ∼18.8 million SNPs and small insertion/deletion variants in 129,913 individuals from four ancestries (European, African, Asian, and Hispanic) with follow-up analysis of promising variants in 480,178 additional individuals from five ancestries. We identified 15 loci that were genome-wide significant (p < 5 × 10) in stage 1 and formally replicated in stage 2. A combined stage 1 and 2 meta-analysis identified 66 additional genome-wide significant loci (13, 35, and 18 loci in European, African, and trans-ancestry, respectively). A total of 56 known BP loci were also identified by our results (p < 5 × 10). Of the newly identified loci, ten showed significant interaction with smoking status, but none of them were replicated in stage 2. Several loci were identified in African ancestry, highlighting the importance of genetic studies in diverse populations. The identified loci show strong evidence for regulatory features and support shared pathophysiology with cardiometabolic and addiction traits. They also highlight a role in BP regulation for biological candidates such as modulators of vascular structure and function (CDKN1B, BCAR1-CFDP1, PXDN, EEA1), ciliopathies (SDCCAG8, RPGRIP1L), telomere maintenance (TNKS, PINX1, AKTIP), and central dopaminergic signaling (MSRA, EBF2).

VL - 102 IS - 3 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Novel genetic associations for blood pressure identified via gene-alcohol interaction in up to 570K individuals across multiple ancestries. JF - PLoS One Y1 - 2018 A1 - Feitosa, Mary F A1 - Kraja, Aldi T A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Sung, Yun J A1 - Winkler, Thomas W A1 - Ntalla, Ioanna A1 - Guo, Xiuqing A1 - Franceschini, Nora A1 - Cheng, Ching-Yu A1 - Sim, Xueling A1 - Vojinovic, Dina A1 - Marten, Jonathan A1 - Musani, Solomon K A1 - Li, Changwei A1 - Bentley, Amy R A1 - Brown, Michael R A1 - Schwander, Karen A1 - Richard, Melissa A A1 - Noordam, Raymond A1 - Aschard, Hugues A1 - Bartz, Traci M A1 - Bielak, Lawrence F A1 - Dorajoo, Rajkumar A1 - Fisher, Virginia A1 - Hartwig, Fernando P A1 - Horimoto, Andrea R V R A1 - Lohman, Kurt K A1 - Manning, Alisa K A1 - Rankinen, Tuomo A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Tajuddin, Salman M A1 - Wojczynski, Mary K A1 - Alver, Maris A1 - Boissel, Mathilde A1 - Cai, Qiuyin A1 - Campbell, Archie A1 - Chai, Jin Fang A1 - Chen, Xu A1 - Divers, Jasmin A1 - Gao, Chuan A1 - Goel, Anuj A1 - Hagemeijer, Yanick A1 - Harris, Sarah E A1 - He, Meian A1 - Hsu, Fang-Chi A1 - Jackson, Anne U A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Kasturiratne, Anuradhani A1 - Komulainen, Pirjo A1 - Kuhnel, Brigitte A1 - Laguzzi, Federica A1 - Luan, Jian'an A1 - Matoba, Nana A1 - Nolte, Ilja M A1 - Padmanabhan, Sandosh A1 - Riaz, Muhammad A1 - Rueedi, Rico A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Said, M Abdullah A1 - Scott, Robert A A1 - Sofer, Tamar A1 - Stančáková, Alena A1 - Takeuchi, Fumihiko A1 - Tayo, Bamidele O A1 - van der Most, Peter J A1 - Varga, Tibor V A1 - Vitart, Veronique A1 - Wang, Yajuan A1 - Ware, Erin B A1 - Warren, Helen R A1 - Weiss, Stefan A1 - Wen, Wanqing A1 - Yanek, Lisa R A1 - Zhang, Weihua A1 - Zhao, Jing Hua A1 - Afaq, Saima A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Amini, Marzyeh A1 - Arking, Dan E A1 - Aung, Tin A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Borecki, Ingrid A1 - Broeckel, Ulrich A1 - Brown, Morris A1 - Brumat, Marco A1 - Burke, Gregory L A1 - Canouil, Mickaël A1 - Chakravarti, Aravinda A1 - Charumathi, Sabanayagam A1 - Ida Chen, Yii-Der A1 - Connell, John M A1 - Correa, Adolfo A1 - de Las Fuentes, Lisa A1 - de Mutsert, Renée A1 - de Silva, H Janaka A1 - Deng, Xuan A1 - Ding, Jingzhong A1 - Duan, Qing A1 - Eaton, Charles B A1 - Ehret, Georg A1 - Eppinga, Ruben N A1 - Evangelou, Evangelos A1 - Faul, Jessica D A1 - Felix, Stephan B A1 - Forouhi, Nita G A1 - Forrester, Terrence A1 - Franco, Oscar H A1 - Friedlander, Yechiel A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Gao, He A1 - Ghanbari, Mohsen A1 - Gigante, Bruna A1 - Gu, C Charles A1 - Gu, Dongfeng A1 - Hagenaars, Saskia P A1 - Hallmans, Göran A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - He, Jiang A1 - Heikkinen, Sami A1 - Heng, Chew-Kiat A1 - Hirata, Makoto A1 - Howard, Barbara V A1 - Ikram, M Arfan A1 - John, Ulrich A1 - Katsuya, Tomohiro A1 - Khor, Chiea Chuen A1 - Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O A1 - Koh, Woon-Puay A1 - Krieger, Jose E A1 - Kritchevsky, Stephen B A1 - Kubo, Michiaki A1 - Kuusisto, Johanna A1 - Lakka, Timo A A1 - Langefeld, Carl D A1 - Langenberg, Claudia A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Lehne, Benjamin A1 - Lewis, Cora E A1 - Li, Yize A1 - Lin, Shiow A1 - Liu, Jianjun A1 - Liu, Jingmin A1 - Loh, Marie A1 - Louie, Tin A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - McKenzie, Colin A A1 - Meitinger, Thomas A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Milaneschi, Yuri A1 - Milani, Lili A1 - Mohlke, Karen L A1 - Momozawa, Yukihide A1 - Nalls, Mike A A1 - Nelson, Christopher P A1 - Sotoodehnia, Nona A1 - Norris, Jill M A1 - O'Connell, Jeff R A1 - Palmer, Nicholette D A1 - Perls, Thomas A1 - Pedersen, Nancy L A1 - Peters, Annette A1 - Peyser, Patricia A A1 - Poulter, Neil A1 - Raffel, Leslie J A1 - Raitakari, Olli T A1 - Roll, Kathryn A1 - Rose, Lynda M A1 - Rosendaal, Frits R A1 - Rotter, Jerome I A1 - Schmidt, Carsten O A1 - Schreiner, Pamela J A1 - Schupf, Nicole A1 - Scott, William R A1 - Sever, Peter S A1 - Shi, Yuan A1 - Sidney, Stephen A1 - Sims, Mario A1 - Sitlani, Colleen M A1 - Smith, Jennifer A A1 - Snieder, Harold A1 - Starr, John M A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Stringham, Heather M A1 - Tan, Nicholas Y Q A1 - Tang, Hua A1 - Taylor, Kent D A1 - Teo, Yik Ying A1 - Tham, Yih Chung A1 - Turner, Stephen T A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Vollenweider, Peter A1 - Waldenberger, Melanie A1 - Wang, Lihua A1 - Wang, Ya Xing A1 - Wei, Wen Bin A1 - Williams, Christine A1 - Yao, Jie A1 - Yu, Caizheng A1 - Yuan, Jian-Min A1 - Zhao, Wei A1 - Zonderman, Alan B A1 - Becker, Diane M A1 - Boehnke, Michael A1 - Bowden, Donald W A1 - Chambers, John C A1 - Deary, Ian J A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Farrall, Martin A1 - Franks, Paul W A1 - Freedman, Barry I A1 - Froguel, Philippe A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Jonas, Jost Bruno A1 - Kamatani, Yoichiro A1 - Kato, Norihiro A1 - Kooner, Jaspal S A1 - Kutalik, Zoltán A1 - Laakso, Markku A1 - Laurie, Cathy C A1 - Leander, Karin A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Study, Lifelines Cohort A1 - Magnusson, Patrik K E A1 - Oldehinkel, Albertine J A1 - Penninx, Brenda W J H A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Porteous, David J A1 - Rauramaa, Rainer A1 - Samani, Nilesh J A1 - Scott, James A1 - Shu, Xiao-Ou A1 - van der Harst, Pim A1 - Wagenknecht, Lynne E A1 - Wareham, Nicholas J A1 - Watkins, Hugh A1 - Weir, David R A1 - Wickremasinghe, Ananda R A1 - Wu, Tangchun A1 - Zheng, Wei A1 - Bouchard, Claude A1 - Christensen, Kaare A1 - Evans, Michele K A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Horta, Bernardo L A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Pereira, Alexandre C A1 - Psaty, Bruce M A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - van Dam, Rob M A1 - Gauderman, W James A1 - Zhu, Xiaofeng A1 - Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O A1 - Fornage, Myriam A1 - Rotimi, Charles N A1 - Cupples, L Adrienne A1 - Kelly, Tanika N A1 - Fox, Ervin R A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Tai, E Shyong A1 - Wong, Tien Yin A1 - Kooperberg, Charles A1 - Palmas, Walter A1 - Rice, Kenneth A1 - Morrison, Alanna C A1 - Elliott, Paul A1 - Caulfield, Mark J A1 - Munroe, Patricia B A1 - Rao, Dabeeru C A1 - Province, Michael A A1 - Levy, Daniel AB -Heavy alcohol consumption is an established risk factor for hypertension; the mechanism by which alcohol consumption impact blood pressure (BP) regulation remains unknown. We hypothesized that a genome-wide association study accounting for gene-alcohol consumption interaction for BP might identify additional BP loci and contribute to the understanding of alcohol-related BP regulation. We conducted a large two-stage investigation incorporating joint testing of main genetic effects and single nucleotide variant (SNV)-alcohol consumption interactions. In Stage 1, genome-wide discovery meta-analyses in ≈131K individuals across several ancestry groups yielded 3,514 SNVs (245 loci) with suggestive evidence of association (P < 1.0 x 10-5). In Stage 2, these SNVs were tested for independent external replication in ≈440K individuals across multiple ancestries. We identified and replicated (at Bonferroni correction threshold) five novel BP loci (380 SNVs in 21 genes) and 49 previously reported BP loci (2,159 SNVs in 109 genes) in European ancestry, and in multi-ancestry meta-analyses (P < 5.0 x 10-8). For African ancestry samples, we detected 18 potentially novel BP loci (P < 5.0 x 10-8) in Stage 1 that warrant further replication. Additionally, correlated meta-analysis identified eight novel BP loci (11 genes). Several genes in these loci (e.g., PINX1, GATA4, BLK, FTO and GABBR2) have been previously reported to be associated with alcohol consumption. These findings provide insights into the role of alcohol consumption in the genetic architecture of hypertension.

VL - 13 IS - 6 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Multi-Ancestry Genome-Wide Association Study of Lipid Levels Incorporating Gene-Alcohol Interactions. JF - Am J Epidemiol Y1 - 2019 A1 - de Vries, Paul S A1 - Brown, Michael R A1 - Bentley, Amy R A1 - Sung, Yun J A1 - Winkler, Thomas W A1 - Ntalla, Ioanna A1 - Schwander, Karen A1 - Kraja, Aldi T A1 - Guo, Xiuqing A1 - Franceschini, Nora A1 - Cheng, Ching-Yu A1 - Sim, Xueling A1 - Vojinovic, Dina A1 - Huffman, Jennifer E A1 - Musani, Solomon K A1 - Li, Changwei A1 - Feitosa, Mary F A1 - Richard, Melissa A A1 - Noordam, Raymond A1 - Aschard, Hugues A1 - Bartz, Traci M A1 - Bielak, Lawrence F A1 - Deng, Xuan A1 - Dorajoo, Rajkumar A1 - Lohman, Kurt K A1 - Manning, Alisa K A1 - Rankinen, Tuomo A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Tajuddin, Salman M A1 - Evangelou, Evangelos A1 - Graff, Mariaelisa A1 - Alver, Maris A1 - Boissel, Mathilde A1 - Chai, Jin Fang A1 - Chen, Xu A1 - Divers, Jasmin A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Gao, Chuan A1 - Goel, Anuj A1 - Hagemeijer, Yanick A1 - Harris, Sarah E A1 - Hartwig, Fernando P A1 - He, Meian A1 - Horimoto, Andrea R V R A1 - Hsu, Fang-Chi A1 - Jackson, Anne U A1 - Kasturiratne, Anuradhani A1 - Komulainen, Pirjo A1 - Kuhnel, Brigitte A1 - Laguzzi, Federica A1 - Lee, Joseph H A1 - Luan, Jian'an A1 - Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka A1 - Matoba, Nana A1 - Nolte, Ilja M A1 - Pietzner, Maik A1 - Riaz, Muhammad A1 - Said, M Abdullah A1 - Scott, Robert A A1 - Sofer, Tamar A1 - Stančáková, Alena A1 - Takeuchi, Fumihiko A1 - Tayo, Bamidele O A1 - van der Most, Peter J A1 - Varga, Tibor V A1 - Wang, Yajuan A1 - Ware, Erin B A1 - Wen, Wanqing A1 - Yanek, Lisa R A1 - Zhang, Weihua A1 - Zhao, Jing Hua A1 - Afaq, Saima A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Amini, Marzyeh A1 - Arking, Dan E A1 - Aung, Tin A1 - Ballantyne, Christie A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Broeckel, Ulrich A1 - Campbell, Archie A1 - Canouil, Mickaël A1 - Charumathi, Sabanayagam A1 - Chen, Yii-Der Ida A1 - Connell, John M A1 - de Faire, Ulf A1 - de Las Fuentes, Lisa A1 - de Mutsert, Renée A1 - de Silva, H Janaka A1 - Ding, Jingzhong A1 - Dominiczak, Anna F A1 - Duan, Qing A1 - Eaton, Charles B A1 - Eppinga, Ruben N A1 - Faul, Jessica D A1 - Fisher, Virginia A1 - Forrester, Terrence A1 - Franco, Oscar H A1 - Friedlander, Yechiel A1 - Ghanbari, Mohsen A1 - Giulianini, Franco A1 - Grabe, Hans J A1 - Grove, Megan L A1 - Gu, C Charles A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Heikkinen, Sami A1 - Heng, Chew-Kiat A1 - Hirata, Makoto A1 - Hixson, James E A1 - Howard, Barbara V A1 - Ikram, M Arfan A1 - Jacobs, David R A1 - Johnson, Craig A1 - Jonas, Jost Bruno A1 - Kammerer, Candace M A1 - Katsuya, Tomohiro A1 - Khor, Chiea Chuen A1 - Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O A1 - Koh, Woon-Puay A1 - Koistinen, Heikki A A1 - Kolcic, Ivana A1 - Kooperberg, Charles A1 - Krieger, Jose E A1 - Kritchevsky, Steve B A1 - Kubo, Michiaki A1 - Kuusisto, Johanna A1 - Lakka, Timo A A1 - Langefeld, Carl D A1 - Langenberg, Claudia A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Lehne, Benjamin A1 - Lemaitre, Rozenn N A1 - Li, Yize A1 - Liang, Jingjing A1 - Liu, Jianjun A1 - Liu, Kiang A1 - Loh, Marie A1 - Louie, Tin A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Manichaikul, Ani W A1 - McKenzie, Colin A A1 - Meitinger, Thomas A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Milaneschi, Yuri A1 - Milani, Lili A1 - Mohlke, Karen L A1 - Mosley, Thomas H A1 - Mukamal, Kenneth J A1 - Nalls, Mike A A1 - Nauck, Matthias A1 - Nelson, Christopher P A1 - Sotoodehnia, Nona A1 - O'Connell, Jeff R A1 - Palmer, Nicholette D A1 - Pazoki, Raha A1 - Pedersen, Nancy L A1 - Peters, Annette A1 - Peyser, Patricia A A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Poulter, Neil A1 - Raffel, Leslie J A1 - Raitakari, Olli T A1 - Reiner, Alex P A1 - Rice, Treva K A1 - Rich, Stephen S A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Robinson, Jennifer G A1 - Rose, Lynda M A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Schmidt, Carsten O A1 - Schreiner, Pamela J A1 - Scott, William R A1 - Sever, Peter A1 - Shi, Yuan A1 - Sidney, Stephen A1 - Sims, Mario A1 - Smith, Blair H A1 - Smith, Jennifer A A1 - Snieder, Harold A1 - Starr, John M A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Tan, Nicholas A1 - Taylor, Kent D A1 - Teo, Yik Ying A1 - Tham, Yih Chung A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - van Heemst, Diana A1 - Vuckovic, Dragana A1 - Waldenberger, Melanie A1 - Wang, Lihua A1 - Wang, Yujie A1 - Wang, Zhe A1 - Wei, Wen Bin A1 - Williams, Christine A1 - Wilson, Gregory A1 - Wojczynski, Mary K A1 - Yao, Jie A1 - Yu, Bing A1 - Yu, Caizheng A1 - Yuan, Jian-Min A1 - Zhao, Wei A1 - Zonderman, Alan B A1 - Becker, Diane M A1 - Boehnke, Michael A1 - Bowden, Donald W A1 - Chambers, John C A1 - Deary, Ian J A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Farrall, Martin A1 - Franks, Paul W A1 - Freedman, Barry I A1 - Froguel, Philippe A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Horta, Bernardo L A1 - Kamatani, Yoichiro A1 - Kato, Norihiro A1 - Kooner, Jaspal S A1 - Laakso, Markku A1 - Leander, Karin A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Magnusson, Patrik K E A1 - Penninx, Brenda A1 - Pereira, Alexandre C A1 - Rauramaa, Rainer A1 - Samani, Nilesh J A1 - Scott, James A1 - Shu, Xiao-Ou A1 - van der Harst, Pim A1 - Wagenknecht, Lynne E A1 - Wang, Ya Xing A1 - Wareham, Nicholas J A1 - Watkins, Hugh A1 - Weir, David R A1 - Wickremasinghe, Ananda R A1 - Zheng, Wei A1 - Elliott, Paul A1 - North, Kari E A1 - Bouchard, Claude A1 - Evans, Michele K A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Liu, Ching-Ti A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Psaty, Bruce M A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - van Dam, Rob M A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Zhu, Xiaofeng A1 - Rotimi, Charles N A1 - Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O A1 - Fornage, Myriam A1 - Kelly, Tanika N A1 - Fox, Ervin R A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Tai, E Shyong A1 - Wong, Tien Yin A1 - Liu, Jingmin A1 - Rotter, Jerome I A1 - Gauderman, W James A1 - Province, Michael A A1 - Munroe, Patricia B A1 - Rice, Kenneth A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Cupples, L Adrienne A1 - Rao, Dabeeru C A1 - Morrison, Alanna C AB -An individual's lipid profile is influenced by genetic variants and alcohol consumption, but the contribution of interactions between these exposures has not been studied. We therefore incorporated gene-alcohol interactions into a multi-ancestry genome-wide association study of levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides. We included 45 studies in Stage 1 (genome-wide discovery) and 66 studies in Stage 2 (focused follow-up), for a total of 394,584 individuals from five ancestry groups. Genetic main and interaction effects were jointly assessed by a 2 degrees of freedom (DF) test, and a 1 DF test was used to assess the interaction effects alone. Variants at 495 loci were at least suggestively associated (P < 1 × 10-6) with lipid levels in Stage 1 and were evaluated in Stage 2, followed by combined analyses of Stage 1 and Stage 2. In the combined analysis of Stage 1 and Stage 2, 147 independent loci were associated with lipid levels at P < 5 × 10-8 using 2 DF tests, of which 18 were novel. No genome-wide significant associations were found testing the interaction effect alone. The novel loci included several genes (PCSK5, VEGFB, and A1CF) with a putative role in lipid metabolism based on existing evidence from cellular and experimental models.

ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Multi-ancestry genome-wide gene-smoking interaction study of 387,272 individuals identifies new loci associated with serum lipids. JF - Nat Genet Y1 - 2019 A1 - Bentley, Amy R A1 - Sung, Yun J A1 - Brown, Michael R A1 - Winkler, Thomas W A1 - Kraja, Aldi T A1 - Ntalla, Ioanna A1 - Schwander, Karen A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Lim, Elise A1 - Deng, Xuan A1 - Guo, Xiuqing A1 - Liu, Jingmin A1 - Lu, Yingchang A1 - Cheng, Ching-Yu A1 - Sim, Xueling A1 - Vojinovic, Dina A1 - Huffman, Jennifer E A1 - Musani, Solomon K A1 - Li, Changwei A1 - Feitosa, Mary F A1 - Richard, Melissa A A1 - Noordam, Raymond A1 - Baker, Jenna A1 - Chen, Guanjie A1 - Aschard, Hugues A1 - Bartz, Traci M A1 - Ding, Jingzhong A1 - Dorajoo, Rajkumar A1 - Manning, Alisa K A1 - Rankinen, Tuomo A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Tajuddin, Salman M A1 - Zhao, Wei A1 - Graff, Mariaelisa A1 - Alver, Maris A1 - Boissel, Mathilde A1 - Chai, Jin Fang A1 - Chen, Xu A1 - Divers, Jasmin A1 - Evangelou, Evangelos A1 - Gao, Chuan A1 - Goel, Anuj A1 - Hagemeijer, Yanick A1 - Harris, Sarah E A1 - Hartwig, Fernando P A1 - He, Meian A1 - Horimoto, Andrea R V R A1 - Hsu, Fang-Chi A1 - Hung, Yi-Jen A1 - Jackson, Anne U A1 - Kasturiratne, Anuradhani A1 - Komulainen, Pirjo A1 - Kuhnel, Brigitte A1 - Leander, Karin A1 - Lin, Keng-Hung A1 - Luan, Jian'an A1 - Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka A1 - Matoba, Nana A1 - Nolte, Ilja M A1 - Pietzner, Maik A1 - Prins, Bram A1 - Riaz, Muhammad A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Said, M Abdullah A1 - Schupf, Nicole A1 - Scott, Robert A A1 - Sofer, Tamar A1 - Stančáková, Alena A1 - Takeuchi, Fumihiko A1 - Tayo, Bamidele O A1 - van der Most, Peter J A1 - Varga, Tibor V A1 - Wang, Tzung-Dau A1 - Wang, Yajuan A1 - Ware, Erin B A1 - Wen, Wanqing A1 - Xiang, Yong-Bing A1 - Yanek, Lisa R A1 - Zhang, Weihua A1 - Zhao, Jing Hua A1 - Adeyemo, Adebowale A1 - Afaq, Saima A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Amini, Marzyeh A1 - Arking, Dan E A1 - Arzumanyan, Zorayr A1 - Aung, Tin A1 - Ballantyne, Christie A1 - Barr, R Graham A1 - Bielak, Lawrence F A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Bottinger, Erwin P A1 - Broeckel, Ulrich A1 - Brown, Morris A1 - Cade, Brian E A1 - Campbell, Archie A1 - Canouil, Mickaël A1 - Charumathi, Sabanayagam A1 - Chen, Yii-Der Ida A1 - Christensen, Kaare A1 - Concas, Maria Pina A1 - Connell, John M A1 - de Las Fuentes, Lisa A1 - de Silva, H Janaka A1 - de Vries, Paul S A1 - Doumatey, Ayo A1 - Duan, Qing A1 - Eaton, Charles B A1 - Eppinga, Ruben N A1 - Faul, Jessica D A1 - Floyd, James S A1 - Forouhi, Nita G A1 - Forrester, Terrence A1 - Friedlander, Yechiel A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Gao, He A1 - Ghanbari, Mohsen A1 - Gharib, Sina A A1 - Gigante, Bruna A1 - Giulianini, Franco A1 - Grabe, Hans J A1 - Gu, C Charles A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Heikkinen, Sami A1 - Heng, Chew-Kiat A1 - Hirata, Makoto A1 - Hixson, James E A1 - Ikram, M Arfan A1 - Jia, Yucheng A1 - Joehanes, Roby A1 - Johnson, Craig A1 - Jonas, Jost Bruno A1 - Justice, Anne E A1 - Katsuya, Tomohiro A1 - Khor, Chiea Chuen A1 - Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O A1 - Koh, Woon-Puay A1 - Kolcic, Ivana A1 - Kooperberg, Charles A1 - Krieger, Jose E A1 - Kritchevsky, Stephen B A1 - Kubo, Michiaki A1 - Kuusisto, Johanna A1 - Lakka, Timo A A1 - Langefeld, Carl D A1 - Langenberg, Claudia A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Lehne, Benjamin A1 - Lewis, Cora E A1 - Li, Yize A1 - Liang, Jingjing A1 - Lin, Shiow A1 - Liu, Ching-Ti A1 - Liu, Jianjun A1 - Liu, Kiang A1 - Loh, Marie A1 - Lohman, Kurt K A1 - Louie, Tin A1 - Luzzi, Anna A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Mahajan, Anubha A1 - Manichaikul, Ani W A1 - McKenzie, Colin A A1 - Meitinger, Thomas A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Milaneschi, Yuri A1 - Milani, Lili A1 - Mohlke, Karen L A1 - Momozawa, Yukihide A1 - Morris, Andrew P A1 - Murray, Alison D A1 - Nalls, Mike A A1 - Nauck, Matthias A1 - Nelson, Christopher P A1 - North, Kari E A1 - O'Connell, Jeffrey R A1 - Palmer, Nicholette D A1 - Papanicolau, George J A1 - Pedersen, Nancy L A1 - Peters, Annette A1 - Peyser, Patricia A A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Poulter, Neil A1 - Raitakari, Olli T A1 - Reiner, Alex P A1 - Renstrom, Frida A1 - Rice, Treva K A1 - Rich, Stephen S A1 - Robinson, Jennifer G A1 - Rose, Lynda M A1 - Rosendaal, Frits R A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Schmidt, Carsten O A1 - Schreiner, Pamela J A1 - Scott, William R A1 - Sever, Peter A1 - Shi, Yuan A1 - Sidney, Stephen A1 - Sims, Mario A1 - Smith, Jennifer A A1 - Snieder, Harold A1 - Starr, John M A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Stringham, Heather M A1 - Tan, Nicholas Y Q A1 - Tang, Hua A1 - Taylor, Kent D A1 - Teo, Yik Ying A1 - Tham, Yih Chung A1 - Tiemeier, Henning A1 - Turner, Stephen T A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - van Heemst, Diana A1 - Waldenberger, Melanie A1 - Wang, Heming A1 - Wang, Lan A1 - Wang, Lihua A1 - Wei, Wen Bin A1 - Williams, Christine A A1 - Wilson, Gregory A1 - Wojczynski, Mary K A1 - Yao, Jie A1 - Young, Kristin A1 - Yu, Caizheng A1 - Yuan, Jian-Min A1 - Zhou, Jie A1 - Zonderman, Alan B A1 - Becker, Diane M A1 - Boehnke, Michael A1 - Bowden, Donald W A1 - Chambers, John C A1 - Cooper, Richard S A1 - de Faire, Ulf A1 - Deary, Ian J A1 - Elliott, Paul A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Farrall, Martin A1 - Franks, Paul W A1 - Freedman, Barry I A1 - Froguel, Philippe A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Horta, Bernardo L A1 - Juang, Jyh-Ming Jimmy A1 - Kamatani, Yoichiro A1 - Kammerer, Candace M A1 - Kato, Norihiro A1 - Kooner, Jaspal S A1 - Laakso, Markku A1 - Laurie, Cathy C A1 - Lee, I-Te A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Magnusson, Patrik K E A1 - Oldehinkel, Albertine J A1 - Penninx, Brenda W J H A1 - Pereira, Alexandre C A1 - Rauramaa, Rainer A1 - Redline, Susan A1 - Samani, Nilesh J A1 - Scott, James A1 - Shu, Xiao-Ou A1 - van der Harst, Pim A1 - Wagenknecht, Lynne E A1 - Wang, Jun-Sing A1 - Wang, Ya Xing A1 - Wareham, Nicholas J A1 - Watkins, Hugh A1 - Weir, David R A1 - Wickremasinghe, Ananda R A1 - Wu, Tangchun A1 - Zeggini, Eleftheria A1 - Zheng, Wei A1 - Bouchard, Claude A1 - Evans, Michele K A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Psaty, Bruce M A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - van Dam, Rob M A1 - Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O A1 - Fornage, Myriam A1 - Province, Michael A A1 - Kelly, Tanika N A1 - Fox, Ervin R A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Tai, E Shyong A1 - Wong, Tien Yin A1 - Loos, Ruth J F A1 - Franceschini, Nora A1 - Rotter, Jerome I A1 - Zhu, Xiaofeng A1 - Bierut, Laura J A1 - Gauderman, W James A1 - Rice, Kenneth A1 - Munroe, Patricia B A1 - Morrison, Alanna C A1 - Rao, Dabeeru C A1 - Rotimi, Charles N A1 - Cupples, L Adrienne AB -The concentrations of high- and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides are influenced by smoking, but it is unknown whether genetic associations with lipids may be modified by smoking. We conducted a multi-ancestry genome-wide gene-smoking interaction study in 133,805 individuals with follow-up in an additional 253,467 individuals. Combined meta-analyses identified 13 new loci associated with lipids, some of which were detected only because association differed by smoking status. Additionally, we demonstrate the importance of including diverse populations, particularly in studies of interactions with lifestyle factors, where genomic and lifestyle differences by ancestry may contribute to novel findings.

VL - 51 IS - 4 ER -