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KLB is associated with alcohol drinking, and its gene product β-Klotho is necessary for FGF21 regulation of alcohol preference.

TitleKLB is associated with alcohol drinking, and its gene product β-Klotho is necessary for FGF21 regulation of alcohol preference.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsSchumann, G, Liu, C, O'Reilly, P, Gao, H, Song, P, Xu, B, Ruggeri, B, Amin, N, Jia, T, Preis, S, Lepe, MSegura, Akira, S, Barbieri, C, Baumeister, S, Cauchi, S, Clarke, T-K, Enroth, S, Fischer, K, Hällfors, J, Harris, SE, Hieber, S, Hofer, E, Hottenga, J-J, Johansson, A, Joshi, PK, Kaartinen, N, Laitinen, J, Lemaitre, R, Loukola, A, Luan, J'an, Lyytikäinen, L-P, Mangino, M, Manichaikul, A, Mbarek, H, Milaneschi, Y, Moayyeri, A, Mukamal, K, Nelson, C, Nettleton, J, Partinen, E, Rawal, R, Robino, A, Rose, L, Sala, C, Satoh, T, Schmidt, R, Schraut, K, Scott, R, Smith, AVernon, Starr, JM, Teumer, A, Trompet, S, Uitterlinden, AG, Venturini, C, Vergnaud, A-C, Verweij, N, Vitart, V, Vuckovic, D, Wedenoja, J, Yengo, L, Yu, B, Zhang, W, Zhao, JH, Boomsma, DI, Chambers, J, Chasman, DI, Daniela, T, de Geus, E, Deary, I, Eriksson, JG, Esko, T, Eulenburg, V, Franco, OH, Froguel, P, Gieger, C, Grabe, HJ, Gudnason, V, Gyllensten, U, Harris, TB, Hartikainen, A-L, Heath, AC, Hocking, L, Hofman, A, Huth, C, Jarvelin, M-R, J Jukema, W, Kaprio, J, Kooner, JS, Kutalik, Z, Lahti, J, Langenberg, C, Lehtimäki, T, Liu, Y, Madden, PAF, Martin, N, Morrison, A, Penninx, B, Pirastu, N, Psaty, B, Raitakari, O, Ridker, P, Rose, R, Rotter, JI, Samani, NJ, Schmidt, H, Spector, TD, Stott, D, Strachan, D, Tzoulaki, I, van der Harst, P, van Duijn, CM, Marques-Vidal, P, Vollenweider, P, Wareham, NJ, Whitfield, JB, Wilson, J, Wolffenbuttel, B, Bakalkin, G, Evangelou, E, Liu, Y, Rice, KM, Desrivières, S, Kliewer, SA, Mangelsdorf, DJ, Müller, CP, Levy, D, Elliott, P
JournalProc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Date Published2016 Dec 13
Abstract<p>Excessive alcohol consumption is a major public health problem worldwide. Although drinking habits are known to be inherited, few genes have been identified that are robustly linked to alcohol drinking. We conducted a genome-wide association metaanalysis and replication study among >105,000 individuals of European ancestry and identified β-Klotho (KLB) as a locus associated with alcohol consumption (rs11940694; P = 9.2 × 10(-12)). β-Klotho is an obligate coreceptor for the hormone FGF21, which is secreted from the liver and implicated in macronutrient preference in humans. We show that brain-specific β-Klotho KO mice have an increased alcohol preference and that FGF21 inhibits alcohol drinking by acting on the brain. These data suggest that a liver-brain endocrine axis may play an important role in the regulation of alcohol drinking behavior and provide a unique pharmacologic target for reducing alcohol consumption.</p>
Alternate JournalProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PubMed ID27911795
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